DIY Face Mask – How to Make a Face Mask

No matter where you live, you’re living through a pandemic. As Covid-19 continues to spread, you’ve probably been spending a lot more time at home. This could be the perfect opportunity to deep clean your home, finish some projects from your to-do list, or really invest in your garden. This is also a great time to pull out your sewing machine and make yourself a face mask. This way, when you do need to go out to buy groceries or get some fresh air, you can give yourself an extra layer of protection.

These masks are non-medical. However, they can at least stop you from touching your face – spreading germs from your hands to your nose or mouth is one of the easiest ways you can potentially catch the virus. In fact, while recognizing that these are not surgical masks, the CDC recommends wearing cloth face coverings in public settings.

Here are a few tips on how to get the best use out of a do-it-yourself face mask, followed by five tutorials on how to make your own face mask. I’ve included several options, including two that don’t require any sewing and can be made with material you already have at home.

DIY Face Mask Tips

  1. Wash your hands! You’ve probably heard these three words a million times over the past couple of months, but they’re important. Wash your hands well with soap and warm water before putting on.
  2. Don’t touch your face. Masks are great because they help remind you not to touch your face while you’re out. But that also means you shouldn’t be fidgeting with it or taking it on and off while you’re in public.
  3. Wash regularly. When you get home, you should wash it before wearing it again. For the masks included in this guide, you can wash them by putting them through the washer with warm water.
  4. Use layers. The most effective masks are the ones with more than one layer of fabric. While I included some simple tutorials, it’s always better to use one of the multi-layered masks if possible.
  5. Make sure you can breathe. While it is important to have many layers, you also don’t want so many layers that breathing becomes difficult. Hold the fabric against your face before making it to make sure you can breathe.
  6. Don’t use it on young children. If you have children two or under, they shouldn’t wear masks since it might cause breathing difficulty. It’s best to leave your children at home when you go out if you can.

5 Types of DIY Face Mask

Cloth Face Masks Model 1 (Sewing)

  1. Cut out two rectangles of fabric that are ten inches by six inches.

1 Leaf Mask Step 1
Having two layers of cloth increases the effectiveness in preventing the spread of germs.

2. Cut out four one-inch strips of fabric ten inches long.

3. Stack the two rectangles together, and fold over the long edges about a quarter of an inch. Sew these edges down.

2 Leaf Mask Step 2
Use pins to hold down the edges of the face mask while you sew. 

3 Leaf Mask Step 3
4. Sew the shorter edges, creating half-inch folds along the edge.

The more folds you can manage for this stage the better. The folds will help tighten it so that it covers your nose and mouth better.

4 Leaf Mask Step 4
Here’s it should look once you’ve sewed over the folds. 

5. Now take the strips of fabric and fold them in half so that each is about a half-inch wide. Sew these together.

5 Leaf Mask Step 5
You can skip this step and instead use elastic bands, shoelaces, or even hair ties. 

6. Finally, sew each strip on. Attach the strips to the four corners.

6 Leaf Mask Step 6
I discovered while sewing that it works best to attach the straps right at the corners instead of in the middle. 

7. Put it on and secure by tying the strips together behind your head.

7 Leaf Mask Step 7
As you can see, this doesn’t stay neatly around my nose. This is why I decided to try the second method listed below.

Cloth Face Mask Model 2 (Sewing)

1. Cut out two rectangles of fabric, ten by six inches.

8 Patterned Mask Step 1
You can use any fabric around your home for this, though you want to make sure there are no large holes and that it is easy to breathe through it. 

2. Cut out four strips of fabric twelve inches long and one and a half inches wide.

9 Patterned Mask Step 2
The strips will help you tie it around your face. You want them thin, but wide enough to fold and prevent fraying. 

3. Fold the edges of the thin strips down, then fold in half and sew a line down the middle. This will prevent fraying.

10 Patterned Mask Step 3
Pins will hold the folds in place while you begin sewing.

11 Patterned Mask Step 4
Try to sew in a straight line right down the middle of the folded cloth.

4. Sew the two rectangles together, with the patterned side facing in. Leave a one inch gap on one edge.

12 Patterned Mask Step 5
Don’t sew the entire rectangle or else you won’t be able to turn it right-side-out again. 

5. Pushing the fabric through the gap, turn inside-out so the patterned side is showing.

6. Attach the strips to each corner and sew them on, making sure to secure them well. You may want to go over the corner stitching a couple times. (You can also sew the straps on to the patterned side of one rectangle before sewing the two together.)

13 Patterned Mask Step 6
Although I attempted to attach my straps first, it’s much easier to attach the straps at this stage, once the two rectangles have already been sewed together. 

7. Place on a flat surface and make two or three folds from top to bottom. Secure these with pins and sew along the shorter edge.

14 Patterned Mask Step 7
The folding can feel intimidating. If you’re having trouble, starting with only two folds instead of three will be easier to manage.

8. Finish by sewing a border around the entire body.

9. Tie the straps behind your head to secure.

15 Patterned Mask Step 8
Functional and fashionable. Just make sure it fits well and doesn’t leave a large gap around your nose.

T-Shirt Face Masks (No Sewing)

1. Cut off the bottom of a t-shirt. Cut seven or eight inches up from the bottom edge.

16 T Shirt Mask Step 1
Got an old T-Shirt you don’t mind getting rid of? Perfect! You’ve got the material for a no-sew face mask.

2. Cut out a rectangle from one end of the t-shirt. Leave one inch strips on the top and bottom, and leave about seven inches of fabric on the other end.

17 T Shirt Mask Step 2
Starting at one end, cut out a rectangle so all you have left is a 7” square and 1” straps. 

18 T Shirt Mask Step 3
Here’s what your cuts should look like once you’ve unfolded.

3. Use this remaining fabric to cover your face, and secure by tying the one inch strips behind your head.

4. The t-shirt fabric may be bigger than your face, but use the extra fabric to create folds for extra protection.

19 T Shirt Mask Step 4
You can use excess fabric to create folds and adjust the fabric more tightly around your face.

Bandana Face Mask (No Sewing)

1. Lay bandana (or square cloth, such as kitchen towel or t-shirt fabric) flat for this face mask.

20 Bandana Mask Step 1
Any square of fabric will work for this easy no-sew face mask. 

2. Fold twice from the top and bottom so the ends meet in the middle of the fabric.

21 Bandana Mask Step 2
This double-fold system adds extra layers of protection and some flexibility.

3. Slide the hair ties or rubber bands over the ends, about a quarter of the way.

22 Bandana Mask Step 3
Hair ties are perfect for this, though you want ones with enough stretch that they won’t hurt your ears.

4. Fold the ends toward the middle, over the bands.

23 Bandana Mask Step 4
This fold can be a little tricky. You want to tuck in the corners as you fold so that you don’t have fabric brushing against your face and chin while you wear this.

5. Put it on, placing the folded side against your face. Secure my stretching the bands over your ears.

24 Bandana Mask Step 5
Though this doesn’t have the same look and longevity of a sewn one, it’s still functional for preventing the spread of germs and it’s super easy to make!

Denim Face Mask (Sewing)

One other method of making face masks is to make a shaped face mask using denim, one of the best home fabrics for DIY face masks. Joann’s has a fantastic video tutorial on this method of face mask making, so I’ve included the video for you to check out if you have an old pair of jeans laying around.

With these easy face mask ideas, you should be able to protect yourself and those around you the next time you leave your house.

Remember, the best option is to stay home as much as possible and only leave for essential business. Take this time to work on some of the home improvement and gardening projects you’ve had on your list.

When you do go out, make sure to try your hand at making one of these homemade face masks and wear it out. Use a fun fabric and wear yours in style.

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